How to behave in ice

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New Year's Eve is on the doorstep. We have a long and busy weekend ahead of us. Someone is going to go to a resort, someone is going to take a walk with children through a snow-covered forest, someone is going to visit or host guests. Everyone dreams of relaxing and having fun during the holidays. However, there is a downside to New Year's entertainment: the workload of surgeons and traumatologists is significantly increased. According to statistics, the number of injuries in winter almost doubles. Unfortunately, in many cases, the victims themselves become the culprits of the troubles, who stubbornly ignore the rules of safe movement on icy streets.

Today we want to remind readers about how to behave when there is ice.

 

1. Choose the right shoes

One of the main causes of winter street injuries among the fair sex is shoes that are not suitable for walking on slippery surfaces. It is clear that, complete with a beautiful fur coat, you want to wear elegant boots with high thin heels. However, such shoes not only slip on icy asphalt, but also contribute to the constant tucking of the feet on frozen clods of snow. As a result, a fashionista runs the risk of getting numerous fractures, sprains and torn ligaments. They say that beauty requires sacrifice, but in this case the sacrifice is hardly worth it: a complex injury acquired during ice can knock a person out of their usual way of life for several months.

Today it is possible to buy comfortable and elegant winter shoes with a small heel and non-slip soles. The risk of falling can be easily reduced by attaching metal heels to the heels of the boots and gluing strips of adhesive plaster to the soles. On sale there are also special devices (anti-icing pads) that you can carry with you and put on over your shoes as needed.

 

2. Be mindful of how to move on ice

Elderly and sick people in heavy ice should not go out at all, but not everyone manages to stay at home. If you have to move on slippery surfaces, follow these tips:

  • do not hurry. It is better to leave the house early and even late than to get injured. Walk down the street slowly, carefully looking under your feet and choosing the least slippery places;
  • When moving on the ice, bend your knees slightly. Step on the whole foot. Walking on slippery asphalt on tiptoe or on your heels is very dangerous;
  • if you are forced to walk on the surface of a frozen puddle or an icy, rolled path, move your legs in small sliding movements, almost without lifting your feet off the ground. This is especially important in the case of a thaw, when slippery areas are hidden under fresh snow or melted snow "porridge";
  • make sure your hands are free. This will make it easier to keep your balance if you slip;
  • clothing should not be too heavy, soft and warm. For frosty weather, a short coat or a long jacket is best suited. A massive fur coat and a long sheepskin coat limit freedom of movement, increasing the risk of falling;
  • if you walk with a stick, make sure that its lower end is equipped with a reliable rubber pad;
  • don't keep your hands in your pockets. Don't try to do things on the go. Stop before putting on mittens, removing a handkerchief from your pocket, answering a cell phone call – this will reduce the risk of accidental falls;
  • do not leave the house on ice without a mobile phone. Add the numbers of loved ones, ambulance and rescue services to his list in order to be able to quickly get support in a difficult situation.

How to behave in ice

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3. Keep yourself safe on the street

Proper behavior in icy conditions is important not only in terms of maintaining health. By trying to avoid falls and injury, you reduce the risk of creating a situation that is dangerous to others. Therefore, when going outside on ice, do not neglect the following rules:

  • be especially careful when crossing the street. If you slip on the roadway, you will not only get injured from the fall, but also provoke a traffic accident;
  • when crossing the street, do not try to save time and cross the carriageway next to vehicles. On a slippery surface, the braking distance becomes longer, and the risk of being hit by a car increases significantly;
  • try not to pass under the eaves of buildings and near tall buildings. When there is ice, snow accumulated on eaves and roofs can easily fall down, causing serious damage to you;
  • pay attention to the position of the wires of power lines. When there is ice, they are often covered with an ice crust and sag or break under its weight, which is fraught with electric shock to passers-by. If you notice low-hanging wires, call the emergency services immediately.

 

4. Fall right

Sometimes, despite all precautions, it is not possible to avoid falling on an icy street, and you need to be prepared for such a development of events. To fall with minimal losses, it is important to do it right:

  • feeling a loss of balance, try to sit down – the lower the height of the fall, the easier the injury;
  • move on slippery surfaces, leaning forward slightly. Then at the time of the fall it will be easier for you to group, and contact with the ground will turn out to be softer;
  • if you slip, release the bag handles immediately. You still won’t save their fragile contents, but you will have a chance to keep your balance;
  • falling forward, slightly bend your arms. This will help to avoid severe injuries of the upper limbs;
  • if it happens that you fall on your back, do not put your hands under the body, otherwise a fracture of the bones of the hands is almost inevitable;
  • falling, do not immediately try to get up, but at least approximately estimate the severity of the damage received. If you feel severe dizziness, acute pain in your head, back or neck, do not get up at all. Call your mobile phone to call an ambulance, or ask passers-by to do so.

How to behave in ice

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5. See a doctor if necessary

Returning to the room after the fall, inspect your body for bruises and abrasions. Briefly apply cold compresses to the bruises. If swelling and severe pain appear, contact a traumatologist as soon as possible. Do not take painkillers before visiting the doctor, as this can mask dangerous symptoms.

It is especially important to get qualified help in time for a severe bruise of the head or back. Left untreated, such injuries can have long-term consequences: many people suffer for years from illnesses that were initiated by a forgotten fall.

 

Fall injuries on ice are injuries that we can insure ourselves against. In the winter cold, we need to be especially careful and prudent. By judiciously approaching seasonal risks, we will save ourselves from serious problems, and doctors, who also deserve a holiday, from unnecessary work.

Source: neboleem.net

 

How to fall on ice

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How to fall in winter: rules for survival in ice

In the video player, you can turn on subtitles and select their translation into any language in the settings