What is bergamot and what are its benefits

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Bergamot (or orange-bergamot) is a hybrid plant species obtained by crossing orange and citron. Its name comes from the Italian word "bergamotto", derived from the name of the city of Bergamo in Italy, where bergamot oil was first produced and sold.

Bergamot is known for its use in flavored teas such as Earl Grey. But this is not the only use of bergamot, and we will talk about this later.

Earl Gray is one of the most widely used flavored teas. In its classic form, it is black tea with the addition of oil obtained from the peel of bergamot fruits.

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

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What is bergamot and what are its benefits

pixabay.com

 

Where is bergamot grown?

Bergamot is grown in large quantities in the Italian province of Calabria. The production of bergamot is so widespread here that it is a symbol of the entire region.

Bergamot is grown on the Mediterranean coast, where the soil composition and temperature are most favorable (Spain, Greece and France), as well as on plantations in Argentina, Brazil and the state of Georgia (USA).

Bergamot is also grown in India, China and the humid subtropics of the Caucasus.

The culture has developed since the beginning of the 18th century, when the essential oil of bergamot found use in perfumery, and then in microscopic technology.

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

wikimedia.org

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

food photo created by jcomp – www.freepik.com

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

wikimedia.org

 

Botanical description

Bergamot is an evergreen tree with a height of 2 to 10 meters. The branches of the tree are long and thin, they have sharp spines up to 10 cm long. The leaves of the plant have a characteristic aroma.

Bergamot flowers are large and very fragrant, white or purple, with a strong pleasant smell.

Bergamot fruits are spherical or pear-shaped, golden-green in color, with a smooth, thick three-layer shell rich in essential oil.

The pulp consists, as it were, of a number of easily split segments, inside of which a few seeds are located. It has a pleasant sour taste.

The tree blooms in March-April and bears abundant fruit, the fruits ripen in November-December. Bergamot is a hardy tree.

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

pixabay.com

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

pixabay.com

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

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What is bergamot and what are its benefits

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Bergamot oil

Essential (bergamot) oil is obtained from the peel of its fruits, fallen unripe fruits (“orange nuts”), flowers, leaves and young shoots. The yield of essential oil from the fruit peel is 1–3%. The yield of essential oil from the leaves is 0,15–0,35%.

Bergamot oil is a liquid with a pleasant peculiar smell and a bitter taste.

The specific pleasant aroma of the oil is due to the presence of linalyl acetate (35–50%) and free linalool in it.

Bergamot oil has a soft green color, pleasant fresh aroma and is considered the best of the essential oils obtained from citrus fruits. On the basis of bergamot oil in 1709 in the German city of Cologne, cologne was first made.

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

pixabay.com

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

photolia.com

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

123rf.com

 

Uses of bergamot

Essential oils extracted from the fruits and flowers of bergamot are used in perfumery and microscopic technology, as well as in food production – for example, it goes to flavor flavored teas.

Bergamot oil contains furocoumarins, which have a strong photosensitizing effect that promotes faster skin pigmentation. In medicine, based on one of the components – bergapten – drugs have been created for the treatment of vitiligo and nested baldness.

Bergamot oil is used to perfume ointments. Bergamot peel is used in perfumery because of its ability to combine with different fragrances to form a bouquet of scents that complement each other.

Bergamot peel and bergamot essential oil are widely used in aromatherapy, as well as to treat depression and improve digestion.

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

pixabay.com

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

pixabay.com

What is bergamot and what are its benefits

depositphotos.com

In Sweden and Norway, bergamot is a very common flavor in snus. Similarly, in dry nasal sniffing, bergamot is also a common scent in traditional blends.

Snus is a smokeless tobacco product that is ground moistened tobacco that (unlike chewing tobacco) is placed between the upper lip and gum for a long time. At the same time, nicotine from tobacco enters the body, providing pleasure without accompanying smoke.

Italian food manufacturer Caffé Sicilia makes marmalade using bergamot as the main ingredient. And in Greece, bergamot peel jam boiled with sugar is popular.

Carpentierbe, based in San Giorgio Morgeto (Italy), produces a digestive liqueur derived from bergamot, which is sold under the name "Liquore al Bergamotto".

Some researchers claim that the smell of bergamot promotes concentration.