The meaning and use of walnuts

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Walnuts have a wonderful taste and high nutritional value. In Eastern medicine, it was believed that the walnut contributes to the treatment of the brain, heart and liver.

Walnut kernels contain vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, C, K, E, PP. Walnut fruits contain minerals of phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, calcium, sulfur, iron, aluminum, manganese, zinc. Walnuts are rich in vegetable protein, tannins, fiber, essential oil.

Walnut (also known as walnut, royal nut, walnut) is an effective remedy for restoring male potency. There are numerous recipes related to walnuts. One of the most useful recipes for men is walnuts with honey.

The meaning and use of walnuts

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At the onset of maturity, the outer thick green peel of the walnut fruit dries up, cracks, separates from the stone, bursts and opens. In the process of sprinkling, the brown shell of the stone becomes hard and brittle. Under the shell is the core, usually consisting of two halves, separated by a partition. Peeled walnut kernels are coated with a thin brown shell containing antioxidants that protect the fat-rich kernels from atmospheric oxygen, thus preventing rancidity.

Walnut kernels are widely used after full ripening – they are eaten as a valuable food product containing proteins and essential fatty acids.

The meaning and use of walnuts

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The meaning and use of walnuts

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The meaning and use of walnuts

Walnut kernels (seeds, or simply nuts), which are eaten in abundance in their natural form, are used in the preparation of various dishes, halva, sweets, cakes, pastries and other sweets.

The walnut is especially popular in the Caucasus, where it has long been considered a sacred tree. In the Caucasus, there are many recipes for eating walnut fruits.

Walnut oil is eaten, used in the manufacture of varnishes for painting, special ink, soap, etc. After squeezing the oil, oil cake remains, which contains more than 40% protein and about 10% fat – this is a valuable food product and excellent food for pets, especially birds.

Unripe fruits are used to make vitamin concentrates and fortified products (for example, jam). Unripe fruits are highly nutritious, have a pleasant taste and are used for dietary nutrition and the preparation of confectionery.

However, for the production of vitamin preparations, it is more expedient to use not the fruits themselves, which have enormous nutritional value, but the pericarp (green peel of the fruit) after extracting the nuts, as well as the leaves, in which the content of vitamin C reaches 4500 milligrams per 100 grams. The powder from the pericarp was considered a hemostatic agent, they were sprinkled with ulcers and wounds. From the pericarp, the drug "Yuglon" was made for the treatment of skin tuberculosis.

Nut kernels are recommended for restorative nutrition after illness and to improve digestion. Fresh oil from them promotes the healing of ulcers and skin lesions. It is used to treat conjunctivitis and inflammation of the middle ear.

Peel nuts contain a lot of tannins. The pericarp can be used for tanning leather. Leaves, bark and pericarp were used to dye fabrics, wool, carpets, and hair.

There are successful experiences of shell utilization in the production of linoleum, roofing felt, grinding stones. The experience of using crushed walnut shells as an integral part of brake materials resistant to abrasion at high temperatures is known.

The meaning and use of walnuts

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The meaning and use of walnuts

pixabay.com

The meaning and use of walnuts

pixabay.com

The meaning and use of walnuts

pixabay.com

 

Growing walnuts

The cultivation of the walnut has begun since ancient times, and it has given rise to many varieties. The fruits ripen in September-October, they vary greatly in size, shape, taste, hardness of the shell, development of partitions, chemical composition and other indicators.

In the wild, the walnut grows in Transcaucasia, especially in the western part, as well as in the Talysh mountains.

The walnut grows in northern China, northern India, the Tien Shan, Iran, Asia Minor, the Balkans, Ukraine and Greece. In Western Europe, it is considered wild, but it is bred even before latitude 56 ° N.

It grows mainly on powerful, humus-rich soils, moderately moist, with good aeration. Thanks to a well-developed root system, reaching a depth of up to 4 meters and to the sides up to 20 meters, the walnut uses a huge amount of soil, which allows it to endure some dry periods. Does not withstand severe frosts, freezes at a temperature of -25... -28 °C.

The main walnut producers are China, the USA and Turkey. Of the republics of the former Soviet Union, a significant amount of walnut is grown in Ukraine and Moldova.

At the same time, walnut occupies the 4th place in the export structure of Moldova – after wine, textiles and wheat. Back in the 18th century, Dmitry Kantemir mentioned walnuts among the main wealth of the country. To this day, in Moldovan villages, the custom of planting a nut when a child is born in the family has been preserved from ancient times.

The walnut is bred almost exclusively by seeds. The walnut begins to bear fruit in the seventh or eighth year and retains this ability until the end of its life. Productivity can reach 25-30 centners per hectare.

Shelf life of nuts – no more than a year, peeled – no more than six months, subject to storage conditions.

Interesting fact

The Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron reports that at the church of the Georgian village of Kekhvi (Tskhinvali region of South Ossetia), 12 versts (12,8 km) from Tskhinval, a walnut grew 84 feet (25,6 meters) high, and in girth 28 feet (8,5 meters), up to 200 riders could hide in its shade. He gave annually up to 100 pounds (1,6 tons) of fruit. In many places of the Transcaucasian region there were similar trees.

The meaning and use of walnuts

wikimedia.org

The meaning and use of walnuts

pixabay.com

The meaning and use of walnuts

bigstockphoto.com

The meaning and use of walnuts

pixabay.com

The meaning and use of walnuts

bigstockphoto.com