How much alcohol is safe for health?

Humans do not have an innate need for alcohol. The main reason for its consumption is not craving for alcohol, not the substance itself, but customs, traditions, rituals, conventions, social and cultural norms.

The same chemical composition of alcohol allows you to have fun at weddings and be sad at funerals. People drink to cheer up and relax, to overcome fear, to have a heart-to-heart conversation, from resentment, etc.

The rationale for drinking forms a stereotype of behavior with the obligatory use of alcohol and a positive attitude towards it. Alcoholic drinks have become not only a ritual, but also a form of human relationships, a form of social behavior. Basically, people drink because others drink, under the influence of a stereotype of behavior to which they are unwilling or unable to resist.

Alcohol, firmly integrated into life as a ritual remedy, began to separate holidays from everyday life, important events from ordinary ones.

Alcohol has become a symbol. Symbols create a mood, but they are not always identified as such. The Christmas tree also affects our mood, but we know that this effect is not due to the properties of the needles. The symbolic functions of alcohol are not always recognized. They are often attributed to its chemical action.

Many drink alcohol for medicinal purposes, considering it a remedy for all diseases. They drink for appetite, for colds and fever, for toothache and headaches, for diarrhea and depression. However, there are also a large number of people who do not drink at all.

The range of opinions ranges from an absolute conviction in the benefits and the need to drink, to a complete conscious denial of drinking. Between these polar opinions, there are many intermediate options, such as drinking on holidays, drinking like everyone else, drinking culturally or in moderation. Some consumers use alcohol not for intoxication, but only for symbolic purposes. Well, about 7% of people have a physiological intolerance to ethanol.

To determine your personal attitude to alcohol and determine for yourself how much alcohol you can drink without harm to health, you need knowledge about it and its effect on the body.

How much alcohol is safe for health?

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The essence of intoxication lies in the weakening or complete rupture of the integration of mental and somatic (bodily) functions. At the same time, none of the functions of the body during intoxication improves.

The products of alcohol processing in the body are carcinogenic. Ethyl alcohol, getting into the liver, turns into a toxic substance acetaldehyde, and to remove it, enzymes (alcohol dehydrogenase and aldehyde dehydrogenase) come into play. As a result of chemical reactions, acetaldehyde is converted into acetic acid, and then into carbon dioxide and water, which are excreted from the body, respectively, through the lungs and kidneys.

Ethanol damages the walls of the gastrointestinal tract, due to which infections and allergens from the intestines enter the bloodstream and cause systemic inflammation.

Drinking alcohol in large quantities entails increased health risks and negatively affects life expectancy. Strong alcohol accelerates the aging of blood vessels, heart, nervous system, liver and kidneys.

In countries that traditionally abuse strong alcohol, including Russia, there is a very low life expectancy for men, whose death most often occurs due to poisoning, kidney and liver diseases, cardiovascular diseases and accidents.

Unlike vodka and other strong drinks, wine contains a number of useful substances that improve the state of the cardiovascular system.

How much alcohol is safe for health?

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These are quercetin, catechins, and resveratrol, a polyphenolic compound found in the skin of dark grapes.

Resveratrol, for example, inhibits the passage of signals through the ILS cascade and the activation of the SIRT1 enzyme responsible for metabolism. It has to do with cellular repair and energy metabolism and is therefore beneficial for longevity. In other words, resveratrol slows down our aging.

One study concluded that low wine consumption was associated with reduced mortality from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease and other causes.

Contrary to popular belief, beer also has health benefits. It contains phytoestrogens, which have geroprotective properties (protect against aging). But they are contraindicated for girls and young women because of the conflict with their own sex hormones.

How much alcohol is safe for health?

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How much alcohol can you drink without harm to health? It can be considered safe to take alcohol in an amount that will not exceed the volume of endogenous synthesis of ethanol produced by the body itself. This is approximately 10 grams of pure alcohol, which is equal to 30 grams of vodka, 120 ml of wine or 300 ml of beer. This is the daily rate.

According to some biochemists involved in life extension, alcohol in small doses is not only harmless, but also beneficial for a number of reasons. Alcohol, like snake venom, can be both a killer and a cure. It all depends on the dose.

Alcohol can only be a medicine in very moderate amounts. Among the useful properties are the following. Small doses of alcohol increase the fluidity of cell membranes during aging to the level of a younger organism.

Ethanol is an mTOR inhibitor and reduces the chance of certain types of cancer.

Alcohol has neurometabolic modulator properties, which may be useful in the treatment of certain psychiatric disorders.

Ethanol has the properties of hormetine.

Hormesis is the stimulation of any system of the body by external influences that have a force insufficient for the manifestation of harmful factors. Hormesis manifests itself when exposed to small doses of radiation, certain poisons, drugs, and other agents.

Ethanol also presumably lengthens telomeres (the ends of chromosomes responsible for lifespan).

Ethanol affects many receptor systems in the brain.

However, we recall that we are talking about small doses of alcohol. All the harmful effects of ethyl alcohol are due to the large amount of acetaldehyde in the body.

How much alcohol is safe for health?

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To drink or not to drink alcohol is a personal matter for everyone. How much alcohol you can drink is up to you. Its use in large and even moderate conventional doses is detrimental to health. But taking 30 grams of vodka or 120 grams of wine or 300 ml of beer will not cause intoxication, and therefore, most likely, will not satisfy social needs.