Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang

There are many interesting natural monuments in China, and among them is the Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang (Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark). True, the city of Dunhuang in Gansu Province is located 180 km southeast of this geopark, but there are no other settlements closer.

Today we will go on a virtual journey with a 360º view to this, one might say, alien place.

☛ Go straight to virtual panoramas

The park got its name because of the relief: yardangs are called geological formations of a certain shape, created by the wind. "Yardang" is a word of Turkic origin, meaning "steep coast". It was introduced into scientific terminology by the Swedish scientist Sven Gedin in 1903.

Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang

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This famous journalist and geographer filled in many gaps on the world map. When he first appeared in the Chinese Lop Desert, he drew attention to the narrow and high parallel furrows covering the surface of the earth, and gave a poetic name to a geological formation unknown at that time.

Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang

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Subsequently, his colleagues discovered many yardangs in Central Asia, in the state of Arizona (USA) and in the Sahara desert (some researchers even believe that the Great Sphinx on the west bank of the Nile was built on the basis of a yardang). There are yardangs on Mars too! But their largest number is found precisely in China, and their largest array is the park of the same name, presented in the virtual panoramas of this material (see at the end of the article).

Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang

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On an area of ​​398 square kilometers, straight furrows with asymmetrical steep slopes stretched in the direction of the prevailing wind. They are separated by sharp ridges formed from clay and loam: for 700,000 years, the wind has blown away weak and loose rocks, leaving solid ones. The height of the yardangs reaches several meters, their length is at least 3 times their width; when viewed from above, they resemble a boat.

Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang

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Some reliefs are so picturesque that they got their own names: Peacock, Mongolian Yurt, Camel, Stone Bird, Stone Buddha and even the Golden Lion welcomes its own. In ancient times, the Great Silk Road passed through this area from the side of the Lop desert, which lies 300 kilometers to the south-west, and one of its points was the city of Aisikeksaer (Aisikexiaer, from the Uighur "old city"). Now it is abandoned, and in the evenings, terrible howls of a strong wind are heard among its sands. This part of Yardang is called "Ghost Castle" or "Demon City".

Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang

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Dunhuang Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang

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But we have nothing to fear! AirPano panoramas shot in Yardang Park allow you to admire these amazing geological formations from the comfort of your home.

Go to virtual panoramas

 

Yardang National Geopark in Dunhuang, China

To switch to full screen mode on a mobile device, press the panorama and hold for 2 seconds

Source: airpano.com